The Irish Government is to install a $100,000 fence on all of its main streets in the capital, including in the CBD, to curb the growth of elephant chains.
The new fences will also be fitted with cameras and other surveillance technology to catch illegal traders.
The announcement follows a number of initiatives in recent years to try to curb elephant numbers in Dublin, including a ban on the importation of elephant products.
Last year, the Government announced plans to phase out the import of elephant skins, a move that has resulted in the decline of many elephant traders.
But the latest measures have been met with a chorus of criticism from animal rights groups.
The Government has been in negotiations with the European Union over the issue, but the European Commission said it would not take part.
A number of other animal welfare groups have also condemned the decision, including Animal Aid Ireland.
It said it was the latest example of a Government policy to “suck the life out of a struggling species”.
Animal Aid said it could not support a policy that would “stifle the very growth of an important species” like the elephant.
“It is disappointing that the Government of Ireland has decided to put the lives of thousands of elephants at risk by placing a fence on its main roads and a barrier along the Dublin Harbour Bridge,” it said.
The Irish Government said it had invested a record €2 billion in the regeneration of the city.
“The Government’s focus is on bringing economic development to the city, with a strong focus on investment in green space and green housing,” Minister for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Alan Kelly said.
“As a result of this investment, we have seen the city grow by more than 1 million people since 2013, with the number of residents increasing by more then 3,000 per cent.”
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